Sunday, 1 April 2018

What is Ashtanga Yoga & its Types

What is Ashtanga Yoga & its Types

What is ashtanga yoga ? Today I would like to speak about a subject, which is not so well known because of recent developments. I'm talking about ashtanga-yoga,  Ashtanga Yoga means Eightfold yoga. so the reason why I say recent developments,  I know that one school has branded the name and it means a certain kind of yoga that they do, but Ashtanga Yoga dates back to the time of Patanjali and when he put the yoga into 8 steps.  8 steps that you can do to become a realized person, so in a nutshell these eight steps are as follows.



The First two are Called Yama and Niyama

The First two are Called Yama and Niyama


And these are moral principles, principles of good conduct and actually the idea is not that you're going to follow a rule because you have to follow a rule, but Yama is the first part, these are principles which help you to get in harmony with the society around you and the Niyama which is the second step, these are principles which help you to become harmonious with your own self and based on this platform of harmony inner and outer, then you begin the other steps so what are the other steps in Eightfold yoga.


The Third Step is Asana

The Third Step is Asana


So this is the most commonly known step of yoga and these are the yoga postures and the reason why yoga postures are important is because they help to maintain your body in good health because if you're aching and breaking and shaking and all these things. If your knee is hurting, your back is hurting, your kidneys are hurting and all your organs are in decay, you won't be able to reach bliss because one thing which is very important that people should understand that the path of yoga and the path of realization is a long and hard one. you're not going to complete it in three weeks, you have to complete it within your lifetime, so you have to extend your lifetime so the role of asana and which is accompanied by proper diet and other physical benefits physical practices. these are the things that are very important.



The Fourth Step is Called Pranayama

The Fourth Step is Called Pranayama

This is the control of the vital energy through the control of the breath and the reason why this is an important practice is because our mind is deeply connected with our breathing and so when our mind is racing out of control usually our breath is also racing out of control and when our breath becomes calm the mind becomes calm, so the Yogi's know technique in the pranayama,  how to bring the breath to a standstill and when the breath comes to a standstill, the mind comes to a standstill and with that still mind the yogi can concentrate and this brings them to the next steps because the next steps have to do with the meditation aspect of yoga. We don't make a distinction, we do yoga and we do meditation, actually it's all part of one system.

The Fifth Step is Pratyahara

The Fifth Step is Pratyahara


It means to withdraw our attention, from the external world because when you sit down to meditate if you're thinking about the garbage-truck outside and the people who are talking and chatting and all the other things that are around you the big city around you, you can't focus so we have to withdraw and in the process of meditation which you can be you can learn from a proper teacher, you can learn how to withdraw and really you feel alone and you'll feel like you're the only one on this earth, so this is called pratyahara.

The Sixth Step is called Dhaarana

The Sixth Step is called Dhaarana

 

Or concentration, so to bring the mind to one point, bring it to one place because normally our feeling spread out over our whole body. but when we meditate, we want to bring it in one place, we have to withdraw our feeling  and bring it into one point and this is the practice of Dhaarna.

The Seventh Step Dhyana

The Seventh Step Dhyana

It is another practice that follows dhaarana, because when we have it in one point what are we going to do with that, that mind and the goal of the yogi is to direct the mind towards the Cosmic Consciousness,  because this is what yoga really means, union of the individual consciousness with the cosmic consciousness. So when you practice Dhyana, it is really the Sanskrit word for meditation the means in meditation and we practice Dhyana, then you're making the mind move in an unbroken flow towards the supreme consciousness. So this is Dhyana.

The Eighth Step Samadhi

The Eighth Step Samadhi

And finally if you're successful in your Dhyana. Then you have a feeling of a merger or a feeling of oneness with the Cosmic Consciousness and one of the names for this experience is called Samadhi. So there is different kinds of Samadhi but the basic idea of Samadhi is that your mind even merges into the cosmic mind or your soul merges into the cosmic soul and this is the goal of yoga.

Conclusion

So i strangle, Yoga is really eight steps Yama and niyama the principles of proper conduct or to get you in harmony then asana which is the yoga postures to make your body perfect and healthy for a long time and then we reach the steps of concentration and meditation with pratyahara and pranayama which is the with and Dhaarna which is concentration and finally Dhyana meditation and Samadhi. 

1 comment:

  1. This is very interesting content! I have thoroughly enjoyed reading your points and have come to the conclusion that you are right about many of them. You are great. yoga teacher training Rishikesh

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